Most English words, even those adapted from Latin, form derivatives or related words through pretty standard English rules. Test (noun) corresponds to test (verb); screen (noun) corresponds to screen (verb); president (noun) corresponds to presidential (adjective); determine (verb) corresponds to determination (noun).
But rule (noun) corresponds to regulate (verb). (Regulation also corresponds to regulate, but rule [noun] doesn't generally correspond to rule [verb].)
Crown (verb) corresponds to coronation (noun). (Though "crowning" [noun] is attested in the OED, it's extremely unusual; "coronation" is what is normally used.)
Dean (noun) corresponds to decanal (adjective), not to "deanic" or "deanal."
English (adjective) corresponds to Anglicize (verb), not to "Englishify."
See (verb) corresponds to visible (adjective), not to "seeable"; likewise for hear and feel. [UPDATE: As several commenters pointed out, this violates my rule 2 below; I added that rule -- to limit the range of possible answers -- after composing this set of examples, but forgot to come back to delete them. Whoops.]
What other correspondences like this can you find? The criteria are that (1) an Anglicized word must correspond to a Latinate form — (2) a form that shares the same Latin root as the Anglicized original (so "cat" / "feline" won't count) — and (3) must not correspond to a common alternative form created using relatively standard rules of English word adaptation.