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Where the Justices Lived in 1932:
A few years ago, I bought a copy of The Literary Digest's Political Cyclopedia (1932), a book of political and statistical information on the state of the U.S. Government and major political questions of the day. The book includes the home addresses of most of the government officials it names, including all the members of Congress, the Justices of the Supreme Court, and even the DC U.S. Attorney's Office.

  I thought readers familiar with the DC area might be interested in knowing where the Justices of 1932 lived (all addresses are in Northwest DC):
Chief Justice Charles Evan Hughes, 2223 R Street
Justice Willis Van Devanter, 2101 Connecticut Ave.
Justice James Clark McReynolds, The Rochambeau
Justice Louis Dembitz Brandeis, 2205 California Ave.
Justice George Sutherland, 2029 Connecticut Ave.
Justice Pierce Butler, 1229 19th Street
Justice Harlan F. Stone, 2340 Wyoming Ave.
Justice Owen J. Roberts, 1401 31st Street
Justice Benjamin Cardozo, The Mayflower
  I don't know where the Rochambeau was, but it seems like about half the Justices lived within a few blocks of each other in the very tony Kalaroma Triangle area.
Sasha Volokh (mail) (www):
Whoa! 2205 California Ave., where Brandeis lived, was the same apartment building where Eugene and I lived in 1993-94, while Eugene was clerking and I was working at CEI!
4.7.2008 4:14pm
xxx (mail):
Charles Evans Hughes

you're missing the second H in Hughes
4.7.2008 4:15pm
KWC2000 (mail):
You mean the justices didn't live in Southeast DC??? *Shocked*
4.7.2008 4:44pm
A.W. (mail):
I work in the D.C. area, too, and from what i heard from a guy who grew up around here since the 1950's, is that it was nothing like what we have today: this sprawling metropolis just didn't exist. We had farms within what is now the beltway.

Don't know personally if it is true or not, but that's what i was told and i believed him.
4.7.2008 4:45pm
PW:
The Rochambeau was at Conn and K.
4.7.2008 4:47pm
Zathras (mail):
A.W.,

David Brinkley has a memoir of working in D.C. during World War II, and it corroborates the idea that D.C. was backwater at that time. D.C. only started to become something like a city during the War.
4.7.2008 4:51pm
Charlie Savage (www):
"The Forgotten Memoir of John Knox," a clerk's remembrance of working for McReynolds during the momentous 1936-37 term and a portrait of pre-World War II DC, is a must-read for anyone interested in this kind of thing.

http://tinyurl.com/3lmyb6
4.7.2008 4:59pm
DJR:
Justice Souter lives in SW.
4.7.2008 5:03pm
2Hard4U2C:
Wasn't the Mayflower Spitzer's "home away from home"? I always knew Cardozo was a pimp - but not that kind.
4.7.2008 5:30pm
John Burgess (mail) (www):
AW: When you consider that Park Rd was where Washingtonians had the summer houses in the late 1800, or that until a WWII housing shortage lifted Georgetown from a collection of small, mostly Black farms with goats and pigs in the back yards, I think it safe to assume that DC was very much a backwater.

When I first moved to the area in the early 50s, Tyson's Corner was exactly that, a crossroads with a farm store and a gasoline pump. McLean was a crossroads with a post office, public library, and a real estate office at the junction of Old Dominion Rd. and Chain Bridge Rd. Schools were still segregated, public restrooms and water fountains still tagged with color restrictions.
4.7.2008 5:30pm
John Steele (mail):
I believe it's Kalorama Triangle. When my mom moved to the corner of Western and Nevada Avenues in the 1940s, the Chevy Chase side of Western was just woods, and the creek running down Nevada to Rock Creek hadn't been covered over yet. It was still a sleepy town in the 1960s, really.
4.7.2008 5:32pm
A.S.:
I suppose they all took the Red Line to work...
4.7.2008 5:38pm
eck:
You mean the justices didn't live in Southeast DC?

Quiz: Name the Justice who is buried in southeast D.C.

Hint: Elbridge Gerry.

Huge hint: John Philip Sousa.
4.7.2008 5:45pm
Tony Tutins (mail):
From the Washington Post of January 26, 1906

THE ROCHAMBEAU - SUITE 2 FUR. ROOMS AND bath, fronting on Conn. ave.; suitable for two gentlemen. Apply Apartment 202, between 3 and 5 in the afternoon.
4.7.2008 5:47pm
WHOI Jacket:
What's the commute from Plymouth, MA to DC? The Mayflower seems like a bit of a bad choice in living quarters...
4.7.2008 6:05pm
EnriqueArmijo (mail):
Chief Justice Hughes attended my very own Calvary Baptist Church on the corner of 8th and H Sts. NW.
4.7.2008 6:22pm
Sasha Volokh (mail) (www):
Oooh, so: (1) Eugene and I lived in Justice Brandeis's building; (2) I worked at CEI, which is at the same intersection as the former Rochambeau (Conn. &K), where Justice McReynolds lived; and (3) Eugene worked at the workplace of all nine of the above!

Of course, I think McReynolds and Brandeis, how shall we say, didn't exactly get along. Also, in 1932, the Supreme Court wasn't at the Supreme Court but in the Capitol. But it's close.
4.7.2008 7:05pm
Colin (mail):
How common was it to keep permanent quarters in a hotel? Does it still happen?
4.7.2008 8:04pm
kerouacbum:

How common was it to keep permanent quarters in a hotel? Does it still happen?


Jerry Tarkanian used to while at UNLV. I think Rick Majerus lived in a hotel when he coached in Salt Lake City for the University of Utah and does now as well in St. Louis while coaching St. Louis University.
4.7.2008 8:49pm
alkali (mail):
I'm pretty sure it is no longer common to live for extended periods in hotels; I don't know why. The Hotel Chelsea in NYC still has long-term residents. Until relatively recently, the Gramercy in NYC was also residential.

Justice Frank Murphy (1940s) lived for some time at the Washington Hotel, which is a few blocks from the White House (near the Willard; it's currently being remodeled as a W Hotel).
4.7.2008 8:55pm
tired of blogs:
There are lots of mostly residential hotels and motels in LA. Mostly people who can't pass a credit check to rent, but some very rich folks at the tonier places who just can't be bothered with a house at the moment or have one someplace else.

I believe that a couple of my local congressmen keep suites in DC hotels rather than private apartments. Room service and maid service are nice, after all.
4.7.2008 10:21pm
CrimsonTribe:
Did California Street used to be California Avenue? I shouldn't be nitpicky because I'm no expert in DC geography, but AFAIK, around Kalorama, it's California Street. The only reason I mention it is that I got pretty lost trying to find California Ave NW the first time I was visiting a friend who lived on the 2100 block, and I wanted to spare any tourists who want to visit Justice Brandeis's old address.
4.7.2008 10:40pm
PostNoBill:
I think the Rochambeau involved kicking people in the testicles.
4.7.2008 11:40pm
neurodoc:
Wasn't the Mayflower Spitzer's "home away from home"?
For a while (is it still around), there was a "scandals" bus tour of Washington. They would drive you around the city pointing out where notable improprieties had taken place. Included among them was the place where Congressman John Genrette and wife Rita had their coupling (the inspiration I think for the Capitol Steps name); where Fanny Foxe, the Argentine Bombshell and Wilbur Mills' friend jumped into the Tidal Basin (or did he jump in?); and other DC locations. The Hayes Adams was where Dick Morris had his trysts; Marion Barry brought attention to the Vista Hotel; and now Eliot Spitzer has conferred the same sort of notoriety at The Mayflower. The Ritz Carlton over at Tysons Corner has a place in history for some encounters there, though not necessarily sexual ones (e.g., Linda Tripp and Monica Lewinsky); etc. So if they were to revive the scandals tour, they could add this and additional stops, e.g., Gary Condit's apartment building. There has been a lot of other sexual and non-sexual misconduct in DC, but only some of it has been closely associated with particular hotels and other buildings around town (Watergate, the first of the 'gate scandals).
4.8.2008 1:33am
neurodoc:
I didn't mention the White House or the Capitol (except the steps), since I think them so obvious that to point them out for special mention would trivialize the association of scandal with particular local locales.
4.8.2008 1:36am
CrazyTrain (mail):
I don't know where the Rochambeau was

Neither do I, but given its resident, I would bet it didn't allow Jews and blacks anywhere near it.
4.8.2008 1:55am
Turk Turon (mail):
Chief Justice Hughes' residence, at 2223 R Street, is just a few doors from the present-day Restaurant Nora, at Florida and R Street.
4.8.2008 10:45am
eck:
Did California Street used to be California Avenue?

Now that you mention it, the address listed above is a bit puzzling. The current designation of the road in NW is "Street."

As I recall, there used to be a California Avenue (and other streets, including Chicago Avenue) in Northeast on Capitol Hill. These all disappeared at one point (remapping for construction of Union Station, I believe). Since that would have been the 100 block NE, it seems pretty obvious that the Brandeis address above is on present-day California St NW.
4.8.2008 11:16am
Tony Tutins (mail):
Don't forget that Algore famously grew up in the Fairfax Hotel.
4.8.2008 2:21pm
Sasha Volokh (mail) (www):
Somehow I'm under the impression that it was California Ave. when I lived there in 1993-94. I was under the impression that all the "state" streets are called "Avenue," and if that had been different for California, I probably would have noticed it back then.
4.8.2008 3:44pm
eck:
For what it's worth, Sasha, DC's official real property records currently identify the property as 2205 California St. NW.
4.8.2008 4:56pm
Duncan Frissell (mail):
My high school yearbook (1969) published the addresses of all students.

Such information used to be generally available and safe to disseminate.

That was during a time when we beat children and gassed/fried murderers, and believed in sin. Perhaps if we resumed beating, gassing, and believing, we would be able to publish all of our addresses again.

Not to mention saving money spent on cops, guards, alarms, and fences.
4.8.2008 6:04pm
Bama 1L:
Every few months I get a book delivered to my door unbidden. It is full of people's addresses and phone numbers, even people with whom I did not attend high school.
4.8.2008 6:11pm
Matthew Gilmore (mail):
If you check v. 14 #2 of Washington History both Mike Harrison's article and our joint catalog of suburban subdivisions reference California Ave -- as California Street was originally named. It fluctuated between California Ave/Street and Oakland Street/Ave several times as I heard him relate.

If you look at the criss-cross portion of the directory (pink pages at end) you'll find California Ave and it will list where it is.

Matthew
4.8.2008 6:26pm
jxr (mail):
The 1930 Census lists Charles Evans Hughes living in the Mayflower in April. With his wife Antoinette and 22y daughter Elizabeth.

Occupation shown as "Chief Justice U.S. Supreme Court" -- more detail than most census entries.

Perhaps the best part: Monthly Rent -- $300.
4.8.2008 8:27pm
Turk Turon (mail):
I once interviewed a 100-year-old man, a life-long resident of D.C. He told me that when he was a kid, the children in his neighborhood, on hot summer days, would ride their horses over to the White House and the kitchen staff would give them glasses of cold lemonade.

That would have been in the late nineteenth century.

And, presumably, water for the horses!
4.8.2008 10:25pm
John Q. Barrett (mail) (www):
Brandeis's apt. was on California Street, not "Avenue." After this Mayflower phase, Cardozo moved to an apartment in Van Devanter's building, 2100 Connecticut Avenue. Sutherland's 2029 Connecticut was two doors away. 2029 and 2100 are just two blocks from the Brandeis apt. building.
4.10.2008 3:38pm
jxr:
Curious, I looked up the rest in the 1930 Census (taken April).

Cardoze hadn't replaced Oliver Wendall Holmes yet. Homlmes, a widower, owned a $100,000 house at 1720 Eye T. In his household were a cook and 2 maids, all Irish.

As a side note, there was another Oliver Wendall Holmes living in DC. This, other OWH, was an African-American who was born in Virginia in 1906. He drove a taxi.

Edward Sanford had just died in March 1930. His widow lived at the same address as Sutherland. She had an African American maid.

Of the 7 justices on the list that had been on the cort by 1930, the other post mentioned Hughes.

Van Devanter was at the same address

McReynolds was at the Rochambeau -- it is listed at "Rochambeau Apts" with an 815 Conn. Ave address.

Brandeis was at the same address, but it shows as "West Florence Courts Apts." There is also an "East". Rent was $200/mo.

Sutherland was at the same address. Rent was $350. He had an African American maid.

Butler owned his house at the same address that was listed later. He had a wife and 2 daughters.

In 1930, Stone owned a home at 1928 34th St.
4.12.2008 3:35pm
jxr:
Sorry for the spelling and typo errors. I should have used "preview". Too much of a rush.
4.12.2008 3:39pm