The Rashomon effect in the Great Schism of 1378

You know how sometimes different people remember the same event slightly differently? Here’s an example: in 1378, the cardinals were electing a new Pope, and the people of Rome were putting substantial pressure on the cardinals to elect a Roman pope. During this process, Cardinal Orsini went out to talk to the crowd. Here’s how the Bishop of Todi remembers what Orsini said:

Listen to me, Romans, if you should not have a pope who proves acceptable to you by this evening I will allow you to tear me to pieces.

Here’s how the Bishop of Marseilles remembers it:

You Roman pigs, get away from here with your impudent demands. When I get out I will chase you with my stick.

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